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What Do Owls Eat? A Complete List Of Food Owl Eats

What Do Owls Eat

Owls are fascinating creatures that have long captivated the human imagination. With their unique appearance and nocturnal habits, it’s no wonder that these birds have become symbols of wisdom and mystery. 

So, what do owls eat? Primarily, they eat small mammals, birds, and insects. However, the diet can vary depending on the specific species of owl and the region they live. That is because some species are known to prey on snakes, frogs, and even small cats. Some species of owls have also been known to consume small amounts of plant matter, particularly fruit.

If you’re curious about the diet of these intriguing birds, you’re in the right place. In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about the foods that owls enjoy.

What Do Owls Eat: A Complete List of Foods Owl Eat

What Do Owls Eat

Before answering the question, have a look at all the common foods owls eat. 

Food TypeCommon Prey
Small MammalsMice, rats, voles, rabbits, squirrels, shrews, moles
BirdsSmall birds, such as sparrows and finches
InsectsBeetles, moths, grasshoppers, crickets
ReptilesSnakes, including venomous species
Fruitsoccasionally; especially when other prey is scarce

What Do Owls Eat? A Detail Overview of Owls’ Food

Owls are predominantly meat eaters because they are carnivorous birds. But depending on the particular species of owl and the area they reside in, their diet might change. Some common prey for them to eat include snakes, mice, rats, voles, rabbits, squirrels, birds, and insects. 

What Do Owls Eat

Some species of owls, such as barn owls, are also known to eat small mammals like shrews and moles. In general, they tend to prey on animals readily available in their habitat.

Some other species of owls, particularly those that reside in forested environments, feed on squirrels. They are well-equipped for squirrel hunting, having keen talons and exceptional eyesight that allows them to locate their prey from afar.

Rabbits are another favorite meal of owls, and these birds may frequently be observed hunting and eating rabbits in open fields and meadows. With strong wings and keen talons that allow them to chase their prey over great distances, owls are well-adapted to hunting rabbits.

As previously stated, owls are primarily carnivorous, which means they survive on a diet of meat. However, certain owl species have been observed consuming modest amounts of plant materials, notably fruit.

Likewise, frogs are a sporadic food source for owls, especially those that reside near bodies of water. So owls are opportunistic predators that will feed on any available food, even frogs. While frogs may not constitute a significant portion of an owl’s diet, they can be a useful source of nutrition and energy.

See also:  Do Owls Eat Mice? A Comprehensive Analysis

Do Owls Eat Cats?

No, the claim is false in general. However, there have been incidents of owls killing small cats. That happened especially in metropolitan environments where the owls may be attracted to feed on the plentiful rodent populations. 

Do Owls Eat Cats

Yet, these events are uncommon, and it is crucial to highlight that owls do not pose a threat to domestic cats in general. Many people regard owls as a valuable ally in suppressing rodent populations. This may be a problem for homeowners.

Owls Eating Snake

Many people are very keen to know how an owl eats a snake. Are all the owl species take snakes as food? No, it is not all the species of owls that eat snakes. It is some species, to be precise.

Some species of owls, such as the barn owl, are known to prey on snakes. They can discover and trap snakes thanks to their strong sense of hearing, which allows them to find their prey even while it is underground.

Owls Eating Snake

These birds have been observed hunting and eating both venomous and non-venomous snakes. That includes rat snakes, garter snakes, and even rattlesnakes.

Do Owls Eat Meat and Plants?

As previously stated, owls are primarily carnivorous, which means they survive on a diet of meat. However, certain owl species have been observed consuming modest amounts of plant materials, notably fruit.

Do Owls Eat Meat and Plants

For example, Burrowing. It is a very cute owl and is known to occasionally eat seeds and fruit in addition to its usual diet of insects and small mammals. Anyway, the majority of an owl’s diet consists of animal protein.

What Is The Food Chain Of An Owl?

An owl’s food chain is the process by which energy and nutrients are transferred from one creature to another in an ecosystem. Owls are at the top of the food chain in their respective environments, which implies that no other species feed on them. Instead, they hunt smaller animals for nourishment.

Owls are predatory species in the food chain, which means that they hunt and kill other animals for sustenance. Common prey for them includes all insects, mice, rats, voles, rabbits, squirrels, birds, and snakes. The precise prey on which an owl eats varies based on the species and location in which it dwells.

What Is The Food Chain Of An Owl

In consequence, owls play an important role in the food chain by helping to regulate the numbers of smaller animals. This serves to preserve environmental balance and prevents any one species from becoming overly prevalent. 

See also:  Night Feeders: Do Owls Eat Bats?

However, owls are also vulnerable to being preyed upon by larger animals, such as hawks and eagles, particularly when food is scarce.

Owl’s Diet Habit: Some Other Facts

Other facts include why an owl eats both meat and vegetables. Why do their diets differ from place to region, and how environmentally friendly are their eating habits? The solution is presented below, along with some rationale.

What Do Owls Eat

Does Owl’s Beak help their Diet to be various?

Owls have powerful talons and sharp beaks that allow them to capture and kill their prey with ease. They are skilled hunters that can locate and capture their prey using their keen senses of sight, hearing, and smell.

Owl's Diet Habit

As a result, some of the owls consume plants, and vegetables. And some other species like hunting small animals. However, eating meat is common to all of them.

Owl’s diet Depends on Opportunity

Owls are opportunistic hunters that will prey on whatever small animals are most readily available in their habitat. This means that their diet can vary widely depending on the region in which they live.

Owl’s Food Habit Benefits Ecosystem

Owls are a vital part of the food chain in their respective ecosystems, and they play a critical role in controlling the populations of small animals. This helps to maintain a balance within the ecosystem and prevent any one species from becoming too abundant.

Owl's Food Habit Benefits Ecosystem


You might have some questions regarding all these things discussed above. Here we will shortly answer some of the most asked questions regarding owls and their food habit.

Q: Which animal did the owl eat most?

Owls frequently consume predators, including weasels, bats, shrews, and insect-eating birds. As a consequence, owls are at the top of the food chain.

Q: What is owl’s favorite food?

There are no true preferred foods of owls because diets vary from species to species. Scops and Screech Owls mostly consume insects, but Barn Owls primarily consume mice, shrews, and voles.

Q: Do owls have affection for their feeders who is human?

First and foremost, owls are not pets. It is doubtful that it will accept people. However, there are occasional exceptions, and owls may tolerate humans depending on the conditions.

So, what owls eat in general are small mammals, birds, and insects. Also, in some specific circumstances, reptiles such as snakes. But that is not the end of the list. Some owls might consume fruits and frogs, that is to depend on the circumstances.

Overall, sometimes their physic, sharp beaks are also affected their food habits as they can hunt and consume fruit too. Besides, some owls are opportunistic hunters, the thing represents why an owl’s diet varies depending on the environment.


Peter Kaestner

Hi there, my name is Peter Kaestner and I am the owner of As a avid bird watcher and enthusiast with a passion for ornithology, I want to share my knowledge and experience with other bird lovers through this blog. As someone who regularly participates in bird-related forums and groups online, I am dedicated to helping others learn more about these amazing creatures. However, it's important to note that while I am happy to share my expertise and advice, it is always crucial to consult with an avian veterinarian before making any decisions that could potentially impact your bird's health or well-being. Your bird's health and happiness should always be your top priority, and consulting with a professional is the best way to ensure that you are making informed decisions on their behalf. I hope that through my blog, I can help make a positive difference in the lives of birds and the people who care for them. Whether you are an experienced bird owner or just starting out, I encourage you to use this resource as a way to learn more about these fascinating animals and how to provide them with the best possible care.View Author posts